+91 98850 99577 info@idi.co.in

Garment Construction Techniques

Pattern making

Importance of the machine techniques in the garment construction Straight seam ✔ A seam is the basis of almost anything you sew. Keeping a seam line straight and even are key components for desirable results. ✔ Straight seam is also known as basic seam and is the most common seam used in sewing ✔ When you come to think of it this seam helps to join two pieces of fabric together by stitching a straight line along the fabric

Have you have ever wondered what makes a dress Finished ,elegant and beautiful ??

Starting from the concept to the execution, from the design to the cloth , from the cloth to the garment construction , everything plays an important role in the construction of a beautiful garment
Clothing is not just a piece of fabric wrapped around a body. Clothing has details that make the fabric fit and compliment your body
Garment construction includes the usage of many tricks , thoughts ,practical knowledge and techniques and is an important part of a fashion design course


blind hemming.

✔ A hem is a garment finishing method, where the edge of a piece of cloth is folded narrowly and sewn to prevent unravelling of the fabric.
✔ Blind hem is an almost invisible hem stitching. The blind hem has a manipulation over the results looking professional

How does a fabric become firm and prevents from ripping of the stitch?

Well, for the prevention of unravelling of the stitches A backward stitch is used at the beginning and the end of the cloth to make the stitch firm.



✔ In modern clothing and fashion design, a button is a small fastener, which joins two pieces of fabric together.
✔ They are most commonly made of plastic, but also frequently made of metal, wood or seashell
✔ Buttons may be sewn onto garments and similar items exclusively for purposes of ornamentation.
✔ Buttons serving as fasteners work by slipping through a fabric or thread loop, or by sliding through a buttonhole.

Is ironing a seam along the construction of the fabric important??

Yes, ironing the pieces of cloth along the seams, during the process of making the garment helps in making the garment look professional and finished.

Does Focus during stitching the garment plays an important role?

Focus.. Yes it is important because using a seam ripper again and again might let the fabric to loosen up and make annoying small holes in your fabric

Knife pleat

✔ Knife pleats allow the garment to expand and relax in shape when moving ✔ They are a series of narrow, equal pleats, which have been sharply creased so to lie in one direction

Is Using different scissors for different purposes important ??

Yes using the same same scissors for the paperwork and the cloth makes the scissors dull easily, investing in a good scissors is always advisable

Pin tucks

✔ In sewing a tuck is a fold or pleat in fabric that is sewn in place. ✔ Tucks are also used to shorten a finished garment , especially in a child garment, so that it may be lengthened as the child grows by removing the stitching holding the tucks in place

Elastic shirring

✔ Shirring is a magical technique that shrinks a piece of fabric and transforms it into something stretchy. It’s great for skirt waistbands, shirt hems and bodices. And all it takes is sewing a few rows of stitches with elastic thread

How is the shirred section of the fabric ironed/steamed ??

For shirred sections Don’t iron and pull your fabric like you would normally do while ironing. Just press the iron down lightly over the shirred section, lift up and place on a new section. The moisture and the heat will shrivel up the elastic from below and will pull in the fabric nicely it will help the fabric shirring to pull in nice and tight


✔ Necklines outline the upper edge of a garment ✔ Obviously around or below the neckline ✔ They come in many varieties of style from low to high, the sweetheart, the keyhole, the round and the piping neck , to name a few.

importance of seam allowance during drafting?

Many people forget to mark their seam allowance during drafting which could be a troublesome later if they forget to extend it and cut their fabric which goes in vain


✔ A pocket is a bag- or envelope-like receptacle either fastened to or inserted in an article of clothing to hold small items. Pockets are also attached to luggage, backpacks, and similar items. ✔ historically pockets were used to store valuable items, in today’s world, they are as likely to hold loose change as they are the latest smartphone. ✔ That said, there are many other uses of pockets such as: ● Handkerchief pocket ● Ticket pocket ● Watch pocket ● Coin pocket

Importance of washing some fabrics before cutting and stitching?

It is always recommended that one should wash cotton before cutting it because it shrinks after the first wash which doesn’t look finished when worn


● Zips are hookless fasteners they have rows of teeth that slide together to bind and fasten openings on bags skirts or trousers ● Zips can be inserted into a slash or a seam with a closed end ● When choosing the appropriate zipper for your particular project you will have to look at many factors like length of the seam, design and type of fabric ● Some Different types of zippers are o Coil zippers o Invisible zippers o Metallic zippers o Plastic moulded zippers o Open-ended zippers o Closed-ended zippers

Open ended zip

● These zippers are generally found in jackets and have a ‘box and pin’ type mechanism to interconnect the two sides of the zipper. It could be coil, metallic, invisible or plastic zippers. ● In open-end zippers, both ends of the fabric are separated from each other.

Conceal zip

✔ When it comes to sewing zippers, believe it or not, the invisible zipper is one of the easiest to insert. ✔ Sewing an invisible zipper is the one zipper application where no machine stitching is visible from the right side of the garment or project. ✔ All of the stitching is done behind the scenes, totally concealed within the seam allowances

The most important thing??

The budget line and the quality of your fabric during a purchase Buying a particular fabric also depends upon the preference, choice, style and occasion to attend from client to client A fashion designer at his/her initial stages can start from a lower budget and can later increase their budget line in their respective fields as and when they learn using different fabrics and having their knowledge . Remember Practice makes a person perfect. A designer is one who makes a beautiful garment in a given budget By his/her client. -Divman Kaur
Register now